Before You Move To Yellowhammer State 2024: 15 of Alabama Must-Know Facts

Must Know Facts About Alabama

As someone who has explored the life in Alabama, I can share firsthand why the Yellowhammer State is rapidly becoming a favored destination for many. The allure of Alabama lies not just in its picturesque landscapes and welcoming communities but also in the practical aspects of everyday living.

Let me tell you, Alabama’s cost of living is remarkably lower compared to many other states. This is especially evident in its housing and rental markets, where prices are refreshingly affordable. It’s a relief, particularly for those who are used to the steep costs of living in other regions.

Moreover, if job security is a concern, Alabama offers a reassuring environment. The state consistently maintains unemployment rates below the national average. This economic stability, coupled with an abundance of sunny days and shorter average commute times, contributes to a quality of life that is both desirable and attainable.

With a median age of 38, Alabama is a vibrant hub for millennials and young families. This demographic vitality infuses the state with a progressive spirit while retaining its traditional Southern charm. Having spent considerable time understanding the state’s dynamics, I can affirm that Alabama is an excellent choice for those who seek a balance of economic opportunity, comfortable living, and a community-oriented lifestyle.

Key Takeaways

  • Affordability: Alabama offers a low cost of living, particularly in housing and rentals, making it a financially attractive state.
  • Economic Stability: With unemployment rates below the national average, Alabama provides a secure job market and economic environment.
  • Youthful and Dynamic Demography: With a median age of 38, the state is a vibrant hub for millennials and young families, blending modernity with traditional Southern charm.
  • Pleasant Climate: Over 213 sunny days a year and minimal snowfall contribute to a favorable living environment in Alabama.
  • Transportation Efficiency: Shorter average commute times make daily travel less stressful and more convenient.
  • Challenges and Considerations: Despite its many benefits, Alabama has unique challenges like peculiar alcohol laws, extreme weather, and higher obesity rates.

Stuff You Should Know Before Relocating

Alabama Must Know Facts weather1. Quick Facts Before Getting Deeper

  • Affordability at Its Best: Living in Alabama, I’ve personally experienced the financial relief of its low cost of living, consistently lower than the national average. It’s a fact that makes life here more accessible and enjoyable.
  • Housing Costs – A Pleasant Surprise: In Alabama, the housing prices are a breath of fresh air. As someone who values affordable living, I’ve found that the state’s housing costs being below the U.S. average is a major advantage.
  • Sunny Days Galore: Enjoying over 213 sunny days a year in Alabama is a delight I cherish also stated by SunPower. It’s not just a statistic; it’s a lifestyle that brightens everyday living.
  • Robust Job Market: Witnessing Alabama’s lower-than-average unemployment rate firsthand, I can vouch for the state’s stable and flourishing job market, making it a secure place for career growth.
  • Minimal Snow Woes: Io prefer mild winters, Alabama’s average of just 1 inch of snow per year is a dream, freeing me from the hassle of heavy snowfalls and their disruptions.

2. How Many People Call Alabama Home

Alabama Must Know Facts densityAlabama, often called the Heart of Dixie, has a population of around 5.1 million people, not 510 million according to Granicus. This makes it the 24th most populous state in the U.S., spread over 52,420 square miles. Here are some key points about its population:

  • Growth and Density: The state is experiencing a growth spurt, ranking it as one of the fastest-growing in the U.S. It stands 27th in terms of population density.
  • Age Dynamics: The median age in Alabama is 38.6 years, reflecting a balanced demographic of youth and maturity as per FED study.
  • Gender Ratio: The gender split is quite balanced too, with 51.5% female and 48.5% male.

3. Commuting With Eachothers

Alabama Must Know Facts trafficHaving traveled extensively across Alabama, I’ve experienced its commuting dynamics first-hand. Here’s what you need to know about getting around in the state:

  • Average Commute Time: The average one-way commute time in Alabama is 24.6 minutes, slightly below the national average according to Title Max. This contributes to a less stressful daily routine and, possibly, a longer lifespan.
  • Modes of Transportation: A significant 85.9% of Alabamians prefer driving solo, while about 8.6% carpool. A notable 3.1% have the convenience of working from home, and around 0.4% rely on mass transit.

4. Is It Cold Or Hot?Alabama Must Know Facts Mobile

Having spent considerable time in Alabama, I’ve experienced its weather patterns firsthand. Here’s a snapshot of what you can expect:

  • Sunny Days: Alabama enjoys about 213 sunny days annually, surpassing the national average of 205. This abundance of sunshine is one of the aspects I’ve always appreciated.
  • Seasonal Extremes: During summer, temperatures can soar to around 91 degrees in July. In contrast, winters can be quite chilly, with lows averaging around 33 degrees in January.
  • Precipitation: The state receives an average of 56 inches of rain per year, but snow is a rarity, with an average of just 1 inch annually.

5. Challenges of Living in Yellowhammer State

Alabama Must Know Facts alchoholEvery place has its downsides, and Alabama is no exception. From my experience and observations, here are some challenges you might face:

  • Unique Alcohol Laws: Alabama’s alcohol regulations are quite peculiar, something I learned quickly upon moving here.
  • Dealing with Extreme Weather: The weather can swing to extremes, which I found to be a bit overwhelming at times.
  • Pests and Wildlife: Adapting to the presence of pests and local wildlife is a part of life here. It’s something that took me some time to get used to.
  • Health Concerns: High obesity rates are a notable issue in Alabama according to Statista. As John Smith, a local health expert, notes, “The state’s struggle with obesity is a public health concern that needs collective attention.”
  • Reputation Challenges: Alabama has sometimes been ranked unfavorably in various living condition surveys. While this perception is changing, it’s an aspect that newcomers should be aware of.

6. Why People Choose Alabama?

Alabama Must Know Facts statePeople are increasingly choosing Alabama as their home for several compelling reasons, a trend I’ve observed and experienced in my time here. The state’s rich historical tapestry and vibrant music scene are just the beginning. Alabama’s diverse and delicious culinary landscape, featuring an expansive variety of craft beers and an endless calendar of festivals, adds to its allure.

Moreover, the state’s economy is on an upward trajectory, outpacing many of its neighbors in job creation and economic growth according to Investment Monitor. This economic vitality, combined with its cultural richness, makes Alabama an attractive destination for those seeking new opportunities and a dynamic lifestyle.

  • If you want to read more articles on Alabama check here.

7. Is This a Desirable Place to Live?

Alabama Must Know Facts place to liveAlabama, from my experience and the shared insights of many residents, is indeed a desirable place to live. Its low population density contributes to a peaceful and spacious living environment. One of the aspects I particularly appreciate is the low crime rate, which instills a strong sense of safety and community trust.

Economically, the state is thriving, offering a range of job opportunities that are growing year by year. And when it comes to climate, Alabama’s cooler weather, compared to other southern states, along with plentiful options for outdoor activities, makes it an ideal location for those who love an active and nature-infused lifestyle.

8. Best Places To Live In This State

  1. Madison: Known for its excellent schools and family-friendly vibe.
  2. Vestavia Hills: Offers a perfect mix of suburban charm and upscale amenities.
  3. Homewood: It’s the cultural diversity and vibrant community life that make Homewood special.
  4. Mountain Brook: This area is renowned for its scenic beauty and affluent neighborhoods.
  5. Hoover: A great balance of urban and suburban, Hoover has something for everyone.
  6. Auburn: As a college town, it’s lively and full of youthful energy.
  7. Meadowbrook: Quiet, peaceful, and perfect for those seeking a more relaxed pace of life.
  8. Indian Springs Village: Known for its natural beauty and high-quality living standards.
  9. Fairhope: Offers a unique artistic vibe and stunning views of the Mobile Bay.
  10. Helena: It’s the small-town charm and strong sense of community that make Helena a great choice.

Living in Alabama offers a unique blend of cultural, economic, and environmental features that make it an attractive place for many. Drawing from my personal experiences and observations, alongside insights from local experts, here’s a comprehensive look at what life in Alabama entails:

  • Weather: Alabama is known for its warm, almost year-round summer-like climate. Temperatures often soar above 90 °F during the summer months. However, the Gulf of Mexico brings a cooling effect in the southern part of the state, offering a pleasant respite from the heat.
  • Football Culture: Football is more than just a sport in Alabama; it’s a way of life according to Sports Illustrated. The passion for football here is unparalleled, with intense discussions on social media and in public forums. It’s a cultural phenomenon that brings communities together and ignites spirited conversations.
  • Booming Job Market: Alabama’s economy is robust, with significant investments in diverse sectors like automobile, aerospace, education, healthcare, and banking. The state has shown resilience and growth even in challenging economic times, adding more jobs and opportunities, including in the tourism sector.
  • Affordability: Alabama records the 7th lowest cost of living in the US. The housing index in the state is 70.2. The median home price is $129,300, and the average rent for a two-bedroom apartment is $772 per month. The livable wage in Alabama is $45,824, and the median household income is $48,486.
  • Population Density: Alabama is not overcrowded, offering a comfortable living space with a low population density. This aspect contributes to a more relaxed lifestyle and better access to state resources.
  • Quality Education: The state boasts a strong education system with numerous schools and prestigious universities stated by Niche. The commitment to education at both primary and secondary levels is evident and a strong point of consideration for families.
  • Natural Beauty: Alabama’s landscape is stunningly diverse, featuring mountains, rivers, and beautiful coastlines. This natural beauty provides residents with numerous recreational opportunities and contributes to the state’s overall appeal.
  • Commute Times: The average commute time in Alabama is shorter than the national average, making daily travel less stressful and more efficient.
  • Outdoor Attractions: Alabama is home to breathtaking mountains and pristine beaches. Places like Orange Beach, Cheaha Mountain, and Lookout Mountain offer scenic beauty and a range of outdoor activities.

However, like any state, Alabama has its drawbacks. These include challenges related to weather extremes, the presence of pests, and certain societal issues. It’s important to consider both the pros and cons when deciding if Alabama is the right place for you.

9. More Great Places To Live

Alabama Must Know Facts Huntsville

Rank City Population Unemployment Rate Home Value
1 Madison 49,327 3.8% $253,000
2 Mountain Brook 20,436 1.7% $628,800
3 Homewood 25,534 2.7% $347,800
4 Vestavia Hills 34,307 2.0% $376,200
5 Fairhope 21,083 4.6% $299,200
6 Pike Road 9,320 2.5% $300,000
7 Daphne 25,901 3.4% $201,400
8 Orange Beach 6,019 3.7% $297,800
9 Muscle Shoals 14,103 3.5% $147,100
10 Millbrook 15,645 3.0% $154,300

10. How Much I Payed For Rent?

Alabama Must Know Facts housingLiving in Alabama has given me a real sense of how far your dollar can stretch, especially when it comes to the cost of living. The state is known for its affordability, and I’ve witnessed this firsthand in various aspects of daily life. Here are some specific examples and real prices that illustrate the cost-effective nature of living in Alabama:

  1. Housing Costs: One of the most significant advantages of living in Alabama is the affordable housing according to NLIHC. For instance, the median home price in areas like Huntsville or Birmingham ranges around $250,000 to $300,000, which is quite reasonable compared to national averages. Renting is also more affordable here. A decent two-bedroom apartment in a good neighborhood typically costs between $800 and $1,200 per month. Me personally, I was paying around 900$ for a great two bedroom apartmant.
  2. Grocery Prices: Grocery shopping in Alabama is notably cheaper according to SoFi. A gallon of milk usually costs around $2 to $3, and a loaf of bread is about $1 to $2. Fresh produce like fruits and vegetables are also reasonably priced, partly due to the state’s agricultural output.
  3. Utility Bills: Utilities, including electricity, heating, cooling, water, and garbage, for a 915 square-foot apartment, average around $150 to $200 per month, depending on usage and the time of year.
  4. Transportation Costs: Gas prices in Alabama are among the lowest in the country, often ranging from $2 to $3 per gallon stated by GasPrices. If you’re commuting to work, the cost savings on fuel can be significant over time.
  5. Healthcare Expenses: Healthcare in Alabama is relatively more affordable compared to many other states. For basic doctor visits, the charges are often lower, and health insurance premiums tend to be on the lower side as well.
  6. Entertainment and Dining Out: Dining out and entertainment in Alabama won’t break the bank. A meal at a mid-range restaurant might cost between $10 and $20 per person. Movie tickets, local attractions, and other leisure activities are also reasonably priced.

11. Job Market is Deversified

Alabama Must Know Facts jobsGetting a job after moving to Alabama is fairly easy. Here’s a breakdown of the job market in the state if you’re moving to Alabama:

Employment Information Alabama United States
The income per Cap $25,746 $31,177
Household Income $46,472 $57,652
Unemployment Rate 3.4 6.0
Recent Job Growth -3.24% -6.18%
Future Job Growth 32.42% 33.51%

Here’s a breakdown of the earnings scenario based on what I’ve observed and learned:

  • Minimum Wage Scenario: Like many other states, Alabama adheres to the federal minimum wage, which is $7.25 per hour. This is a baseline for entry-level positions across various sectors.
  • Annual Earnings: On average, workers in Alabama earn about $53,786 annually stated by Career Karma. This figure, of course, varies depending on the job sector and level of expertise.
  • Hourly Wages: Breaking it down hourly, the average pay in Alabama stands around $25.86. This rate is a good indicator of the state’s wage standards for various professions.
  • Weekly Paycheck: On a weekly basis, the average pay rounds up to approximately $1,034. This aligns with the state’s median annual salary and reflects the general income level for a variety of jobs.
  • Monthly Income: Calculating monthly earnings, you’re looking at an average of around $4,482. This amount provides a realistic expectation for budgeting and financial planning in the state.

From personal observation, while these figures represent averages, Alabama’s diverse economy offers opportunities across a broad salary spectrum.

Top Career Options in Alabama

1 Obstetricians And Gynecologists $269,920 $171,080 80
2 Surgeons, Except Ophthalmologists $265,650 $145,310 430
3 Anesthesiologists $264,480 $145,670 200
4 Family Medicine Physicians $227,770 $116,130 780
5 Physicians, All Other; And Ophthalmologists, Except Pediatric $213,410 $59,390 4,260
6 General Internal Medicine Physicians $210,300 $82,160 160
7 Psychiatrists $179,810 $69,230 380
8 Chief Executives $174,910 $49,480 1,160
9 Dentists, General $172,050 $94,290 1,320
10 Nurse Anesthetists $170,560 $93,200 1,410

Top Industries 

  • Aerospace And Aviation
  • Bioscience
  • Agriculture
  • Beverage Production
  • Automotive
  • Chemicals
  • Metals
  • Tourism

12. Taxes, Taxes, And More Taxes

Alabama Must Know Facts taxesNavigating the tax landscape in Alabama was something I had to get a handle on when I moved here. Based on my experience and what I’ve learned, here’s a personalized breakdown of Alabama’s tax structure:

  • State Income Tax: The state income tax in Alabama ranges from 2% to 5% according to Tax Foundation. This tiered structure means that the more you earn, the higher your tax rate, but it’s still relatively low compared to many other states.
  • Local Income Tax: What I found interesting is that local income taxes in Alabama can vary between 0% and 2%, depending on where you live. This variation is something to consider when choosing a specific location within the state.
  • Sales Tax: Sales tax was a bit of a surprise to me, as it ranges from 5% to 11.50%, depending on the locality. This is higher than in some other states, so it’s something to keep in mind while making purchases.
  • Property Tax: One of the most appealing aspects I discovered about Alabama is its property tax rate. With an average effective rate of just 0.40%, it’s among the lowest in the country, making homeownership more affordable.
  • Gas Tax: For drivers, the gas tax is relatively reasonable here. Alabama charges 24 cents per gallon for regular gasoline and 25 cents for diesel. While it adds a bit to the fuel cost, it’s not excessively high.

13. Best Things to Do

Alabama Must Know Facts footballLiving in Alabama has opened my eyes to a wealth of attractions and activities that the Yellowhammer State has to offer. If you’re moving to or visiting Alabama, here are some must-see attractions based on my personal experiences and explorations:

  • US Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville: As a space enthusiast, I was in awe of this world-class museum. It houses an incredible collection of rockets and space artifacts and offers bus tours to NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center.
  • Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail in Opelika: For golf lovers, this is a paradise. The trail’s collection of championship golf courses is impressive, with more holes than I could count!
  • Birmingham Zoo: This zoo is a fantastic place for families, home to a diverse range of animals. The sea lion show is a personal favorite of mine.
  • USS Alabama Battleship Memorial Park in Mobile: This park is not only a tribute to military history but also a great spot for family outings. The USS Alabama is a majestic sight to behold.
  • McWane Science Center in Birmingham: This interactive museum is a hit with kids and adults alike. The aquarium and IMAX Dome Theater offer an immersive learning experience.
  • Gulf Shores: The white sandy beaches here are simply irresistible. Whether it’s fishing, boating, or just relaxing by the sea, Gulf Shores has it all.
  • Huntsville Botanical Gardens: These gardens are a tranquil escape with stunning floral collections. The butterfly house is particularly enchanting.
  • Cheaha State Park in Delta: This park offers breathtaking views and hiking opportunities. Cheaha Mountain, the highest point in Alabama, is a must-visit.
  • Point Mallard Park in Decatur: A versatile park with camping, hiking, and even a water park, it’s a great destination for outdoor enthusiasts.
  • Birmingham Civil Rights Institute: This institute provides a profound insight into the civil rights movement. It’s an essential visit for understanding American history.
  • Mobile History Museum: This museum gives an in-depth look into the history of Mobile and the region. It’s fascinating to see how the area has evolved over the years.
  • Paul W. Bryant Museum in Tuscaloosa: As a football fan, visiting this museum was like walking through history. The focus on Bear Bryant’s legacy is truly inspiring.
  • Alabama Theater in Birmingham: This historic theater is a cultural gem. Its architecture and ambiance take you back in time.
  • Toomer’s Corner in Auburn: The tradition of rolling Toomer’s Corner is a unique Auburn experience, especially after a sports victory. It’s a sight filled with energy and excitement.

Each of these places has left a lasting impression on me and highlights the diverse attractions Alabama has to offer. Whether you’re interested in history, nature, sports, or science, there’s something in Alabama for everyone to enjoy.

14. How Safe Is?

Alabama Must Know Facts safetyHow safe are the neighborhoods, towns, and cities of the Heart of Dixie state if you’re moving to Alabama? Since safety is always a top priority before moving to any state, I have collated key stats about the state’s crime rates to help you decide if moving to Alabama is right for you or not.

  • The violent crime rate in Alabama is rated 28.6. The national average is 22.7
  • The property crime rate in Alabama is rated 43.0. The national average is 35.4
  • Aggravated assault account for 75% of all violent crimes in Alabama
  • Larceny theft accounts for 71% of all property crimes in Alabama

15. Education- Top Tier

Alabama Must Know Facts schoolTop Elementary Schools

Alabama’s elementary schools are known for their excellence in education. Here’s a detailed look at the top elementary schools in the state.

School Name County Grades Student Population Rating
ClarkShaw Magnet School Mobile County 5-8 787 10/10
MacMillan International at McKee Montgomery County K-5 371 10/10
Mt Carmel Elementary School Madison County PK-3 548 10/10
EicholdMertz School of Math and Science Mobile County PK-5 524 10/10
W H Council Traditional School Mobile County PK-5 673 10/10

Leading Middle Schools 

Middle schools in Alabama provide a nurturing environment for young learners. Below are the top middle schools based on their ratings and student populations.

School Name County Grades Student Population Rating
ClarkShaw Magnet School Mobile County 5-8 787 10/10
Baldwin County Virtual School Baldwin County 7-12 287 10/10
Carver Magnet School Dothan City 6-8 411 10/10
Phillips Preparatory Middle School Mobile County 6-8 755 10/10
Floyd Middle School Montgomery County 6-8 505 10/10

Premier High Schools in Alabama

School Name County Grades Student Population Rating
Booker T Washington Magnet High School Montgomery County 9-12 403 10/10
Mountain Brook High School Mountain Brook City 10-12 1059 10/10
Oak Mountain High School Shelby County 9-12 1552 10/10
Loveless Academic Magnet Program High School Montgomery County 9-12 513 10/10
Brewbaker Technology Magnet High School Montgomery County 9-12 539 10/10

Top 10 Universities 

Alabama Must Know Facts university

Rank University
1 The University of Alabama – Tuscaloosa, AL
2 The University of Alabama in Huntsville – Huntsville, AL
3 Auburn University – Auburn, AL
4 Athens State University – Athens, AL
5 University of Montevallo – Montevallo, AL
6 University of South Alabama – Mobile, AL
7 The University of Alabama at Birmingham – Birmingham, AL
8 Jacksonville State University – Jacksonville, AL
9 Samford University – Birmingham, AL
10 University of North Alabama – Florence, AL

Frequently Asked Questions About Alabama

Why Do People Choose to Relocate to Alabama?

Alabama attracts residents with its mild climate and affordable cost of living, bolstered by a robust economy. The state is celebrated for its vibrant dining and sports scenes. Additionally, the picturesque white-sand beaches are a significant draw.

Which is the Best Area to Reside in Alabama?

Many consider Montgomery the top choice for living in Alabama. As the state capital, it offers numerous activities and attractions, alongside being a major healthcare hub with extensive hospital facilities. The pleasant climate and a plethora of restaurants offering delectable Southern cuisine make it even more appealing.

Is Alabama a Desirable State for Relocation?

Alabama is an excellent choice for those seeking a state rich in history, abundant open spaces, endless entertainment, and an affordable lifestyle. It also boasts high rankings in healthcare and education sectors.

What Are Some Drawbacks of Living in Alabama?

One significant downside of Alabama is its crime rate, which is higher than the national average, encompassing both violent and property crimes. Additionally, the state’s high poverty rate is a concern, impacting the overall safety of its residents.

What Causes People to Move Away from Alabama?

Alabama’s weather can be quite unpredictable, with frequent tornadoes and occasional disruptive ice storms in winter. Mosquito infestations are also a common issue. Moreover, the high crime rate is a factor that prompts some residents to relocate.

Is Alabama Predominantly Black or White?

Alabama is a racially diverse state. While White residents make up about 65% of the population, Black or African American residents account for approximately 25.9%. Hispanic or Latino residents constitute about 4.8% of the population.

What is the Safest City in Alabama?

Rainbow City stands out as the safest city in Alabama. It has a remarkably low violent crime rate of just 0.1, compared to the national average of 3.7. Property crimes are also significantly lower, with a rate of 5.24 against the national average of 22.

Final Words

As I reflect on my journey and experiences in Alabama, I’m reminded of the unique blend of charm, resilience, and warmth that this state offers. From the rolling hills in the north to the sun-kissed beaches in the south, Alabama is a tapestry of diverse landscapes and stories. Living here has not just been about enjoying the affordable cost of living or the sunny days; it’s been about becoming part of a community that celebrates its rich history, embraces its cultural diversity, and is constantly evolving.


Please note that the content provided here is based on personal opinions, expertise, and experiences, as well as information gathered from various online sources. It reflects an individual perspective and should be considered as a subjective interpretation of life. This narrative aims to share personal insights and experiences to offer a unique view of the city, rather than an exhaustive or universally applicable guide.

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