12 Most Dangerous Jobs In USA 2024: Living on the Edge

Dangerous jobs in USA

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data reveals a concerning trend in occupational injuries and illnesses among private-sector employees. Over 2.6 million workers were affected, with 5,190 unfortunate fatalities. 

Certain occupations inherently carry more risks than others. To illustrate this, we have analyzed BLS data and consolidated a list of the top 15 riskiest jobs, including their fatal injury rates per 100,000 employees and salary details. This information can help individuals evaluate whether the potential risks associated with these roles are worth the remuneration.

Rank Occupation Hazard Rate Remuneration
1 Builders and Construction Workers 26.32 $37,520
2 Painters for Building Maintenance and Construction 27.08 $45,590
3 Supervisors for Groundskeeping, Landscaping, and Lawn Services 35.23 $55,770
4 Marine Oilers and Sailors 37.58 $53,350
5 Tractor-Trailer and Heavy Truck Drivers 45.92 $53,090
6 Operators of Agricultural Machinery 49.66 $39,750
7 Supervisors of Forestry, Fishing, and Farming Workers 62.09 $58,820
8 Roof Installers and Repairers 88.54 $47,110
9 Logging Employees 119.35 $46,330
10 Ranch, Farm, and Aquacultural Animal Laborers 134.74 $36,290
11 Commercial Air Pilots 137.95 $123,250
12 Pruners and Tree Trimmers 186.07 $49,820

12. Pruners and Tree Trimmers

  • Hazard Rate: 186.07
  • Remuneration: $49,820

Pruners and tree trimmers maintain trees around buildings and ensure they don’t interfere with utility and power infrastructure. This occupation’s fatal injury risk is serious, given the high elevation at which the work is often conducted.

11. Commercial Air Pilots

  • Hazard Rate: 137.95
  • Remuneration: $123,250

Increased fatalities among drivers have driven up the fatal injury rate across the industry. Yet, commercial pilots remain the highest earners among the top 15 and hold the second-most dangerous job overall.

10. Ranch, Farm, and Aquacultural Animal Laborers

  • Hazard Rate: 134.74
  • Remuneration: $36,290

Farming requires hard work and passion, but the risk associated with it doesn’t equate to the earnings. The most hazardous jobs are those involving rearing, breeding, and caring for farm, ranch, or aquacultural animals.

9. Logging Employees

  • Hazard Rate: 119.35
  • Remuneration: $46,330

Logging is a physically demanding profession, with a considerable risk of fatal accidents. Despite safety improvements through enclosed equipment, loggers still face hazards from falls, equipment mishaps, and falling trees or limbs.

8. Roof Installers and Repairers

  • Hazard Rate: 88.54
  • Remuneration: $47,110

Roof installation and repair involve substantial risks due to heavy lifting, working on slanted surfaces, and climbing, leading to a high rate of fatal injuries.

7. Supervisors of Forestry, Fishing, and Farming Workers

  • Hazard Rate: 62.09
  • Remuneration: $58,820

Supervisors overseeing farming, fishing, and forestry workers encounter significant dangers, as these industries involve logging, milling, animal farming, and crop farming. This role is well-paying but has a high fatality rate.

6. Operators of Agricultural Machinery

  • Hazard Rate: 49.66
  • Remuneration: $39,750

The introduction of modern agricultural machinery has simplified and optimized farming but has not eradicated injury risks for farmers. Despite high risks, this occupation remains relatively low-paid.

5. Tractor-Trailer and Heavy Truck Drivers

  • Hazard Rate: 45.92
  • Remuneration: $53,090

The transportation and materials-moving industry witnessed a record number of deaths in 2021, largely due to a 16.3% increase in fatalities among drivers and sales workers. The drivers maneuvering heavy trucks and tractor-trailers on American roads are most at risk.

4. Marine Oilers and Sailors

  • Hazard Rate: 37.58
  • Remuneration: $53,350

Marine oilers and sailors are tasked with steering ships clear of obstructions and shallow waters. Additional duties such as operating rigging and cargo-handling equipment, maintaining the ship, and responding to emergencies contribute to making this profession hazardous.

3. Supervisors for Groundskeeping, Landscaping, and Lawn Services

  • Hazard Rate: 35.23
  • Remuneration: $55,770

One might assume that the role of overseeing groundskeeping, landscaping, and lawn service workers would be relatively safe. However, BLS data indicate otherwise. Some of these individuals work around buildings and structures, while others operate in areas associated with bridge, highway, and street construction, which can be riskier.

2. Painters for Building Maintenance and Construction

  • Hazard Rate: 27.08
  • Remuneration: $45,590

Painters who specialize in maintenance and construction perform the final touch-ups on building interiors, exteriors, machinery, bridges, and other infrastructures. The risk of injury is high due to working at great heights, on ladders, and in awkward positions.

1. Builders and Construction Workers

  • Hazard Rate: 26.32
  • Remuneration: $37,520

Individuals in the construction industry, responsible for all stages of building construction, face risky work environments and interact with dangerous equipment like jackhammers and boring machines. Despite the risks, the pay is comparatively low.

Risk Mitigation

While some jobs inherently pose more danger than others, risk mitigation strategies can significantly reduce the potential for accidents and injuries. In construction, for example, strict adherence to safety protocols, proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE), and regular maintenance of tools and machinery can make a substantial difference.

For commercial pilots, ongoing training, comprehensive pre-flight checks, and strict adherence to flight regulations can minimize risk. In farming, safe handling of machinery and animals, along with appropriate training and adherence to safety procedures, can protect workers.

Technological advancements also provide new ways to mitigate risks. Innovations such as drones and advanced safety equipment can significantly decrease the risks faced by workers in dangerous professions. For instance, drones can be used in the construction industry to inspect hazardous sites, reducing the need for human intervention.

Moreover, mental health support and stress management can contribute to risk mitigation. High-stress jobs not only affect mental health but can also lead to physical accidents. Therefore, ensuring workers have access to mental health resources is another crucial aspect of risk mitigation.

The Role of Training and Education in Minimizing Workplace Hazards

Education and training are critical in minimizing workplace hazards. Irrespective of the industry, a well-trained and educated worker is less likely to be involved in a work-related accident. For instance, proper training on how to handle heavy machinery in the agriculture industry can significantly decrease the risk of accidents.

Furthermore, safety training sessions should be regularly conducted to refresh employees’ knowledge and introduce new safety standards and protocols. Workers need to be aware of the potential hazards in their work environment and understand the appropriate safety measures to mitigate these risks.

Moreover, industries should focus on creating a safety culture where every employee, from the top management to the ground-level worker, prioritizes safety. A safety culture encourages employees to be vigilant and proactive in identifying and addressing potential hazards, fostering a safer work environment.

Worker Rights

Understanding worker rights is vital in the context of workplace safety. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), workers have the right to working conditions that do not pose a risk of serious harm. These rights include access to information about hazards, protections, and injury and illness statistics in their workplace.

Workers also have the right to receive training about hazards and the necessary precautions in a language they understand. They can request an OSHA inspection if they believe there are unsafe or unhealthy conditions in their workplace. Workers have the right to report injuries, and it is illegal for employers to retaliate against workers for exercising these rights.

In terms of compensation, workers are generally entitled to benefits if they are injured as a result of their job. Workers’ compensation laws vary by state, but they generally provide for medical care, rehabilitation, and disability compensation for workers who are injured or become ill on the job.


How can technology and innovation help in reducing risks in hazardous jobs?

Technological advancements and innovation can considerably decrease the risks faced by workers in dangerous professions. For instance, drones can be used in the construction industry to inspect hazardous sites, reducing the need for human intervention. In agriculture, smart farming technologies can automate certain tasks, reducing the risks associated with manually operating heavy machinery. Similarly, in transportation, advancements in vehicle safety features can help prevent accidents.

What mental health resources can be provided to workers in high-stress jobs?

High-stress jobs can take a toll on workers’ mental health, leading to fatigue, burnout, and even physical accidents. Providing mental health resources to these workers is essential. Employers can offer stress management workshops, access to counselling services, and create a supportive work environment that encourages open conversations about mental health. Flexible working hours and regular breaks can also help manage stress levels.

What role does safety culture play in minimizing workplace hazards?

A strong safety culture is crucial in minimizing workplace hazards. In an organization with a safety culture, everyone from top management to ground-level workers prioritizes safety. Employees are encouraged to be vigilant and proactive in identifying and addressing potential hazards. This fosters a safer work environment and promotes a collective responsibility for safety, leading to a significant reduction in accidents and injuries.

What should workers do if they are injured at work?

If a worker is injured on the job, they should first seek necessary medical attention. They should then report the injury to their employer as soon as possible and keep a written record of the injury and any medical treatment. Workers generally have the right to workers’ compensation benefits if they are injured as a result of their job, though laws vary by state. If the injury is due to employer negligence, workers may also consider seeking legal advice.


The potential risks associated with different professions vary widely, with some jobs inherently posing more danger than others. However, through the implementation of risk mitigation strategies, ongoing training and education, and understanding and exercising worker rights, these hazards can be significantly reduced.

Technological advancements are also playing a crucial role in minimizing workplace dangers. Despite the challenges and dangers, it’s essential to remember that every worker has the right to a safe and healthy workplace. It is the collective responsibility of employers, employees, and regulatory bodies to ensure that safety is never compromised.


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