Interesting Wild Animals in West Virginia: Where to Find Them?

west virginia wild animals

Nestled in the heart of the Appalachian Mountains, West Virginia is home to a diverse array of ecosystems, encompassing mountains, forests, rivers, and wetlands. This rugged and scenic state boasts a rich natural heritage, providing a sanctuary for a wide variety of wild animals.

From majestic mammals to vibrant bird species, West Virginia offers a unique and thriving ecosystem that captures the imagination of nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. In this article, we will embark on a journey to explore the fascinating wildlife found within the boundaries of West Virginia.


Black Bear
Source: britannica.com

West Virginia’s forests and mountains provide a haven for numerous mammal species. One of the most iconic and elusive creatures found here is the black bear (Ursus americanus). These magnificent animals roam the forests, foraging for food and seeking shelter in hollow trees or rocky dens.

West Virginia is also home to other mammals such as the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), bobcats (Lynx rufus), foxes (Vulpes vulpes), raccoons (Procyon lotor), and the reclusive Eastern cougar (Puma concolor couguar), although sightings of the latter are rare.


American goldfinch
img source: kernaudubonsociety.org

With its diverse landscapes, West Virginia is a paradise for birdwatchers. Over 300 species of birds can be found here, making it an essential destination for ornithology enthusiasts. The state’s forests attract a variety of woodpeckers, including the vibrant Northern flicker (Colaptes auratus) and the iconic Pileated woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus).

The Eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis) and American goldfinch (Spinus tristis) grace the skies with their vivid colors, while the melodious songs of the Wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) fill the woodland air.

Amphibians and Reptiles

Eastern box turtle
img source: a-z-animals.com

West Virginia’s wetlands and rivers provide habitats for numerous amphibians and reptiles. Salamanders, such as the Northern dusky (Desmognathus fuscus), the Eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis), and the Red-spotted newt (Notophthalmus viridescens), thrive in the state’s freshwater streams.

Reptiles, such as the Eastern box turtle (Terrapene Carolina), the timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus), and various species of snakes, including the Northern water snake (Nerodia sipedon), are also found in West Virginia’s diverse landscapes.

Insects and Invertebrates

Monarch Butterfly
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While often overlooked, West Virginia’s insect and invertebrate populations are incredibly diverse and play vital roles in the ecosystem. The state is home to a variety of butterfly species, including the Eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) and the Black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes).

Fascinating creatures like the delicate Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) and the endangered West Virginia white butterfly (Pieris virginiensis) can also be spotted fluttering through meadows and woodlands.

If you want to continue exploring the wild animals of this area, jump to the next state and explore the wild animals of Ohio.

Where to Find Wild Animals in West Virginia?

West Virginia is blessed with numerous natural areas that offer excellent opportunities for spotting wild animals. Here are some of the best places in the state known for their diverse wildlife:

1. Monongahela National Forest

img source: peakvisor.com

Located in the eastern part of the state, the Monongahela National Forest covers over 900,000 acres of pristine wilderness. With its vast woodlands, rugged mountains, and numerous streams, this forest provides habitats for various wildlife species, including black bears, white-tailed deer, wild turkeys, and a wide array of bird species.

2. Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge

Situated in Tucker County, Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge is a haven for both resident and migratory species. The refuge’s wetlands, meadows, and forests attract a rich diversity of wildlife, including bobcats, river otters, beavers, red-winged blackbirds, and various waterfowl species.

3. New River Gorge National Park and Preserve

img source: cntraveler.com

Known for its breathtaking landscapes and outdoor recreational opportunities, the New River Gorge National Park and Preserve is also home to a vibrant wildlife population. The park’s rugged terrain provides habitats for white-tailed deer, black bears, raccoons, foxes, and a variety of bird species, including raptors like bald eagles and peregrine falcons.

4. Seneca Rocks and Spruce Knob

Located within the Monongahela National Forest, Seneca Rocks and nearby Spruce Knob offer scenic beauty and excellent wildlife viewing opportunities. These areas are known for their populations of black bears, bobcats, white-tailed deer, and numerous bird species, including warblers, thrushes, and raptors.

5. Blackwater Falls State Park

img source: tripadvisor.com

Situated in Tucker County, Blackwater Falls State Park is famous for its stunning waterfall and rugged terrain. The park is a great spot for observing white-tailed deer, black bears, wild turkeys, and a variety of bird species. The park’s dense forests and open meadows provide ample opportunities for wildlife sightings.

6. Kanawha State Forest

img source: everythingwv.com

Just outside of Charleston, Kanawha State Forest offers a convenient escape into nature. The forest is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including white-tailed deer, wild turkeys, foxes, and various bird species. Its network of trails provides opportunities for hiking and wildlife observation.

Conservation Efforts

Recognizing the importance of preserving its natural heritage, West Virginia has implemented various conservation initiatives. The state’s Department of Natural Resources, alongside environmental organizations, works to protect and manage wildlife habitats.

Efforts include maintaining healthy forest ecosystems, conserving wetlands, and regulating hunting and fishing to ensure sustainable populations. These conservation measures help safeguard the diverse wildlife that calls West Virginia home.


West Virginia’s diverse landscapes, ranging from lush forests to tranquil wetlands, provide habitats for a wide range of wild animals. From the majestic black bear to the colorful woodpeckers and the elusive salamanders, the state has it all. Its biodiversity is a testament to its thriving ecosystems.

Whether you’re an avid birdwatcher or a nature enthusiast, you will enjoy it. You can simply be someone who appreciates the wonders of the natural world. It hardly matters. Exploring the wildlife of West Virginia is a captivating experience that offers a glimpse into the beauty and resilience of its wild inhabitants.

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