Vermont Snakes: Understanding the State’s Snake Population

Understanding the State's Snake Population

Vermont, a picturesque state known for its scenic beauty and charming small towns, is home to a diverse array of wildlife. While Vermont’s wildlife is largely harmless, there is a common misconception that venomous snakes can be found in the state.

However, contrary to popular belief, Vermont does not have any native venomous snake species. Let’s explore the facts about venomous snakes in Vermont and understand the state’s snake population.

Snake Diversity in Vermont

Vermont is home to several species of snakes, but none of them are venomous. The most common snake species found in Vermont are the Eastern Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis), Northern Watersnake (Nerodia sipedon), Eastern Milk Snake (Lampropeltis triangulum), and the Eastern Ribbon Snake (Thamnophis sauritus).

These snakes are harmless and play an essential role in controlling the population of rodents and insects, making them valuable members of Vermont’s ecosystem.

1. Eastern Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)

Eastern Garter Snake
Source: britannica.com

The Eastern Garter Snake is one of the most common snake species in Vermont. It is known for its distinctive appearance, with a long and slender body that can vary in coloration, ranging from green to brown to black, with three longitudinal stripes along its back, which can be yellow, green, or blue.

Eastern Garter Snakes are harmless and play an important role in controlling the population of rodents, insects, and slugs.

2. Northern Watersnake (Nerodia sipedon)

Northern Watersnake (Nerodia sipedon)
Source: sdherps.org

The Northern Watersnake is another common snake species found in Vermont. As the name suggests, it is typically associated with aquatic habitats, such as lakes, rivers, and marshes.

Northern Watersnakes have thick bodies and their coloration can vary, with dark bands on a lighter background. They are excellent swimmers and are known for their ability to catch fish and amphibians.

3. Eastern Milk Snake (Lampropeltis triangulum)

Eastern Milk Snake (Lampropeltis triangulum)
Source: heritageconservancy.org

The non-venomous snake species is known for its striking appearance. It has a distinctive pattern of red or brown bands on a lighter background, resembling the coloration of a milk-spilled snake.

Eastern Milk Snakes are relatively small and are known for their docile nature, making them popular among snake enthusiasts.

4. Eastern Ribbon Snake (Thamnophis sauritus)

Eastern Ribbon Snake (Thamnophis sauritus)
Source: herpsofnc.org

This is a slender and agile snake species that is known for its beautiful appearance. It has a long body with a green or brown background color and three yellow stripes running along its back. Eastern Ribbon Snakes are excellent climbers and are often found in wetland habitats, where they feed on amphibians and insects.

5. Smooth Green Snake (Opheodrys vernalis)

Smooth Green Snake (Opheodrys vernalis)
Source: a-z-animals.com

The Smooth Green Snake is a small, non-venomous snake species that is known for its bright green coloration. It has a slender body, large eyes, and smooth scales, which give it its name. Smooth Green Snakes are primarily insectivorous and are often found in grassy areas or near water sources.

Snake Biology and Behavior

Snake Biology and Behavior
Source: sci.news

Even though Vermont snakes are non-venomous, it is still important to understand their biology and behavior. Snakes are cold-blooded reptiles that rely on external sources of heat to regulate their body temperature.

In Vermont, snakes are most active during the warmer months of the year, from April to October, when temperatures are favorable for their survival. Snakes are shy and generally avoid human contact. They prefer to hide in areas with vegetation or under rocks and logs, where they can hunt for prey and seek shelter.

Snake Conservation in Vermont

Snake Conservation in Vermont
Source: greenmountainaudubon.org

While Vermont’s snakes are not venomous, they still face threats and conservation challenges. Habitat loss and fragmentation, road mortality, and human persecution are some of the major threats that the snakes in Vermont encounter.

To protect and conserve Vermont’s snake populations, it is important to respect their habitat, avoid unnecessary disturbance, and understand the critical role they play in the ecosystem.

Snake Safety and Myths

Snake Safety and Myths
Source: health.com

Despite the fact that Vermont does not have venomous snakes, some myths and misconceptions about venomous snakes persist. It is crucial to dispel these myths to ensure that people can coexist with snakes safely. Here are some important facts to keep in mind:

  1. Snakes are shy and typically avoid human contact. If you encounter a snake in the wild, give it space and observe from a safe distance.
  2. Snakes in Vermont are not venomous, and their bites are not dangerous to humans. However, it is still best to avoid handling or attempting to capture snakes, as they may become stressed and defensive.
  3. Snakes are protected in Vermont, and it is illegal to harm or kill them. It is important to respect and appreciate the role of snakes in the ecosystem.
  4. Snakes do not chase humans, and they are not aggressive unless provoked or cornered. Most snake bites occur when people try to handle or harass snakes.


Vermont does not have venomous snakes. The state is home to a diverse array of non-venomous snake species that play a vital role in the ecosystem. It is important to understand and appreciate snakes as valuable wildlife and take measures to protect and conserve their populations.

By dispelling myths, understanding snake biology and behavior, and promoting snake safety, we can coexist with these fascinating creatures in Vermont’s natural environment.

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