Biggest Fish in the State of Maryland: What Anglers Should Aim For

Biggest Fish in the State

Maryland, known for its picturesque coastlines, bays, and rivers, cascades, is home to a diverse range of aquatic life. Among the fascinating inhabitants of these waters are some truly impressive big fish species that captivate anglers and nature enthusiasts alike.

In this article, we delve into the world of Maryland’s big fish. In no particular order, we highlight their characteristics, habitats, and the thrill they offer to catch. Those who seek the ultimate fishing adventure should look no further.

1. Striped Bass (Rockfish)

Striped Bass (Rockfish)
Source: onthewater.com

The striped bass, commonly referred to as rockfish, is an iconic big fish species in Maryland. It is known for its silver body with distinctive dark stripes running along its sides.

Rockfish can reach impressive sizes, with some individuals exceeding 50 pounds. Chesapeake Bay serves as a prime location for catching these prized fish, attracting anglers from far and wide.

2. Blue Catfish

Blue Catfish
Source: gameandfishmag.com

Blue catfish, a non-native species introduced to Maryland’s waters, has gained significant popularity among anglers due to its large size and aggressive feeding behavior.

These colossal creatures can reach astonishing weights of over 100 pounds. The tidal rivers, such as the Potomac and Patuxent, provide ideal habitats for blue catfish.

3. Northern Snakehead

Northern Snakehead
Source: patch.com

The northern snakehead, an invasive species from Asia, has become a subject of great interest for anglers seeking a unique and thrilling fishing experience.

Known for their aggressive nature and ability to breathe air, these large fish have gained a notorious reputation. With an elongated body and sharp teeth, snakeheads can grow to impressive sizes in Maryland’s rivers and marshes.

4. Red Drum (Channel Bass)

red drum
Source: carolinejarvis.com

The red drum, also known as channel bass or redfish, is a popular game fish found in the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Although not as large as some other species on this list, the red drum can still reach sizes of 40 inches or more and provide an exhilarating fight.

Their distinct reddish coloration and drumming sounds during the spawning season make them a prized catch among anglers.

5. White Perch

White Perch
Source: onthewater.com

While not as massive as some of the other species mentioned, the white perch is a beloved fish for Maryland anglers due to its abundance, accessibility, and delicious taste.

Found in rivers, estuaries, and tidal creeks, white perch offers an excellent opportunity for both experienced anglers and beginners to enjoy a day of fishing and take home a delectable meal.

Top Maryland Fishing Destinations 

Maryland offers a wealth of fantastic fishing destinations. Here are some of the top spots that lure anglers from near and far:

1. Chesapeake Bay

The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States and offers exceptional fishing opportunities. Anglers flock to its waters for striped bass (rockfish), which are a prized catch.

Other popular species include bluefish, white perch, spot, croaker, and Spanish mackerel. The bay’s diverse ecosystem supports both recreational and commercial fishing, making it a true angler’s paradise.

2. Deep Creek Lake

Deep Creek Lake is a stunning freshwater lake nestled in the mountains of western Maryland. It covers over 3,900 acres and is known for its excellent bass fishing.

Largemouth bass and smallmouth bass are abundant, and anglers can also target walleye, yellow perch, northern pike, and various species of trout. The lake offers a serene setting and plenty of fishing opportunities year-round.

3. Ocean City

Located along Maryland’s eastern shore, Ocean City is a popular destination for saltwater fishing. Its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean provides anglers with a chance to catch a wide range of species.

Flounder, bluefish, sea trout (weakfish), striped bass, and tautog are commonly targeted nearshore, while offshore fishing enthusiasts can pursue marlin, tuna, mahi-mahi, and wahoo. Ocean City offers charter boats, piers, and surf fishing opportunities to cater to all types of anglers.

4. Patapsco River

Flowing through Baltimore County and Howard County, the Patapsco River offers a unique fishing experience. Its upper reaches are a designated trout management area, stocked with rainbow and brown trout.

Anglers can enjoy fly fishing or traditional spin fishing for these beautiful game fish. The lower sections of the river provide opportunities for targeting smallmouth bass, catfish, and white perch.

5. Potomac River

Stretching along Maryland’s western border, the Potomac River is a renowned fishery known for its diverse species. Bass fishing enthusiasts particularly enjoy this river, as both largemouth and smallmouth bass are abundant.

The river also supports populations of catfish, walleye, muskellunge (muskie), carp, and various sunfish species. Anglers can fish from the riverbanks, utilize boat launches, or explore the river via kayak or canoe.

6. Assateague Island

Assateague Island, a barrier island on the Atlantic coast, provides a unique fishing experience with its scenic beaches and abundant marine life.

Surf fishing is a popular activity, with anglers targeting species such as striped bass, bluefish, red drum (channel bass), kingfish, and flounder. The island’s natural beauty and the possibility of catching trophy-sized fish make it a sought-after destination for anglers.


Maryland’s waterways offer a treasure trove of big fish species that enthrall anglers with their size, power, and beauty.

Whether it’s the mighty striped bass, the colossal blue catfish, the invasive yet intriguing northern snakehead, the red drum with its unique characteristics, or the ever-popular white perch, there is no shortage of thrilling fishing opportunities in the state.

Exploring the diverse habitats of Maryland’s waters provides an unforgettable experience for those seeking the challenge and joy of encountering these magnificent big fish species. So, grab your fishing gear and embark on an adventure to reel in the trophy fish that await you in Maryland’s aquatic playground.

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