While contemporary Minneapolitans take safe drinking water and flushing toilets for granted, denizens of the Mill City were not so fortunate in the late 19th century. In these years, Minneapolis joined cities around the world in grappling with the consequences of unprecedented urbanization. One of the most pressing challenges of this new human density was the question of waste. Cities had to figure out what to do with their often overwhelming supply of excrement.
The answer to this problem: sewers.